The evidence to show that the Icelandic model works is both convincing and detailed. The programme involves analysing 3000 to 4000 adolescents aged 14 to 16 every year, providing a solid and consistent dataset.
Percentage of Icelandic adolescents who reported use of alcohol, cigarettes and hash in the first 10 years of the programme
- Reduction in the percentage of 10th grade students who reported being drunk in the last 30 days decreased from 42% in 1998 to 20% in 2007 (over 50% decrease).1
- Percentage of Icelandic adolescents who reported having being drunk 10 times or more in the last 12 months fell from 21% in 1995 to 14% in 2003.2
- In 1995, 14% of Icelandic adolescents reported having alcohol-related accidents or injuries, this dropped to 4% by 2003.3
- Reduction in the percentage of 10th grade students who reported smoking cigarettes daily from 23% in 1998 to 10% in 2007.4
- Proportion of adolescents who had ever used hashish in their lives decreased from 17% in 1998 to 7% in 2007 (60% decrease).5
- By 2003, Icelandic students had lower than average substance use in comparison to all other European countries.6
- 23% of 10th grade students reported that they often or almost always spent time with their parents during working days. This ratio had increased to 31% in 2006.7
- Adolescents stating that they had been outside after 10pm four or more times during the week fell from 36% in 1997 to 30% in 2006.8
- In 1997, 47% of 10th graders reported that their parents monitored who they were spending time with in the evening. In 2006, the percentage was 67%.9
- In 1997, 33% of 10th grade students reported that they almost never go to parties, which rose to 43% by 2006.10
- In 1997, 29% of 14 to 16-year-olds said that they almost never spent time downtown during evenings. In 2006, this rose to 51%.11
The decline in drug use and increase in family engagement took place at the same time as the Youth in Iceland project was implemented.
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